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Architectural Terms & Definitions

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What is Cavity Wall in architecture?

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What is Cavity Wall in architecture?

A cavity wall is a type of wall construction commonly used in architecture to improve insulation and prevent moisture penetration. It consists of two separate walls with a gap, or cavity, between them. This gap is typically filled with insulation material to enhance thermal performance.

Cavity walls are designed to provide better protection against the elements compared to solid walls. The air gap between the inner and outer walls acts as a barrier, reducing heat loss in the winter and heat gain in the summer. This can result in lower energy bills and a more comfortable indoor environment.

In addition to thermal benefits, cavity walls also offer improved sound insulation. The air gap helps to reduce the transmission of noise from outside, creating a quieter living or working space. This can be particularly advantageous in urban areas or near busy roads.

The construction of a cavity wall typically involves the use of bricks or blocks for both the inner and outer layers. These materials are chosen for their durability and strength, providing a solid foundation for the wall structure. The cavity itself is carefully designed to ensure proper ventilation and drainage to prevent moisture buildup.

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Proper installation and maintenance of cavity walls are essential to ensure their effectiveness. Inspections should be conducted regularly to check for any signs of damage or deterioration, such as cracks or gaps in the mortar joints. Repairs should be carried out promptly to prevent water ingress and maintain the wall’s integrity.

Overall, cavity walls are a popular choice in architecture for their energy efficiency, sound insulation, and durability. By understanding the principles behind cavity wall construction, architects and builders can create structures that are not only aesthetically pleasing but also functional and sustainable in the long term.

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