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Architectural Terms & Definitions

Discover everything about the main architectural terms in our glossary and take the opportunity to find out how Millhawlk can help you

What is On-grade Foundation in architecture?

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What is On-grade Foundation in architecture?

An on-grade foundation in architecture refers to a type of foundation that is built directly on the ground level, without any basement or crawl space beneath it. This type of foundation is commonly used in areas with stable soil conditions and where the water table is not high.

Benefits of On-grade Foundation

One of the main benefits of an on-grade foundation is its cost-effectiveness. Since it does not require excavation or the construction of a basement, it is generally cheaper to build than other types of foundations. Additionally, on-grade foundations are easier and quicker to construct, which can help reduce overall construction time.

Construction Process

The construction process for an on-grade foundation typically involves preparing the site by leveling the ground and compacting the soil. A layer of gravel or crushed stone may be added to improve drainage and stability. The foundation is then built directly on top of this prepared surface, using materials such as concrete or masonry blocks.

Types of On-grade Foundation

There are several different types of on-grade foundations, including slab-on-grade, strip footing, and raft foundation. Each type has its own advantages and is suitable for different building designs and soil conditions. The choice of foundation type will depend on factors such as the size and weight of the building, the soil composition, and the local climate.

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Slab-on-grade Foundation

A slab-on-grade foundation is a type of on-grade foundation that consists of a single, continuous concrete slab that serves as both the foundation and the floor of the building. This type of foundation is commonly used in residential construction and is known for its simplicity and cost-effectiveness.

Strip Footing

Strip footing is another type of on-grade foundation that consists of a continuous strip of concrete or masonry that supports the load of the building. This type of foundation is commonly used in commercial and industrial construction and is suitable for buildings with heavier loads.

Raft Foundation

A raft foundation is a type of on-grade foundation that consists of a thick concrete slab that extends over the entire footprint of the building. This type of foundation is used in areas with poor soil conditions or high water tables, as it distributes the weight of the building over a larger area to prevent settlement.

Conclusion

In conclusion, an on-grade foundation is a cost-effective and efficient option for building construction in areas with stable soil conditions. By understanding the different types of on-grade foundations and their benefits, architects and builders can make informed decisions when designing and constructing buildings.

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